The psychology is the study of the mind and human behavior. Something fascinating that affects all aspects of who we are. Thanks to the study of this discipline, you can learn more about who we are as people, including our own development, personality, thoughts and behaviors.
Psychology, of course, also provides a basis for a better understanding of other people.
To the know what moves people and what motivates them, we may be able to gain a greater understanding of their behavior and why they do what they do.
Here are some important things you need to know about this interesting career, in case you are interested in continuing to deepen your studies.
As we have already said, psychology is the study of mental processes and behavior. What few people know is that the term psychology comes from the greek word Psyche which means "breath, spirit, soul" and the lodge which means "study of". The Psychology arose from the interconnection between biology and philosophy, and is closely linked to other disciplines such as sociology, medicine, linguistics and anthropology.
- 1 Psychology uses scientific methods
- 2 Psychologists are based on different perspectives
- 3 Psychology has many branches
- 4 Psychology is not just therapy
- 5 Psychology is around us
- 6 Psychology addresses theoretical issues and real-life issues
- 7 Psychology also studies normal behavior
- 8 Psychology tries to describe, explain, predict, modify and improve behaviors
Psychology uses scientific methods
One of the most common myths about psychology is that it simply uses "common sense." However, unlike common sense, psychology relies on scientific methods to investigate the questions we ask ourselves and reach conclusions. It is by using empirical methods that researchers are able to discover the relationships between different variables. Psychologists use a series of techniques to study the human mind and behavior, including naturalistic observation, experiments, case studies and questionnaires.
Psychologists are based on different perspectives
Topics and questions that arise in psychology can be looked at from different points of view. Let us give as an example the theme of violence. Some psychologists can see how biological influences contribute to violence, while other psychologists may focus on how factors such as culture, family relationships, social pressure and situational variables influence violence.
Psychology has many branches
There are also many branches within psychology. Students of this career usually make an introduction to the fundamentals of the various areas of expertise, but being able to conduct a deeper study of each field will depend on which branch of study is selected. Some of the main fields within psychology are clinical and health psychology, work and organization psychology, education and development psychology, social psychology, forensic psychology and sports psychology, among many others. .
Psychology is not just therapy
When we think of psychology, we usually imagine to a therapist with a notebook writing down the memories and experiences of his client's childhood. Therapy is undoubtedly a large part of psychological work, but it is not the only thing that psychologists do. In fact, many do not even work in the field of mental health. Psychology covers other areas, including teaching, research and consulting.
Psychology is all around us
Psychology is not just an academic discipline taught in a classroom, the principles of psychology can be seen around us in everyday situations. The television or print ads we see every day are based on the psychology to develop marketing messages, They try to influence and persuade people to buy the advertised products. The websites we visit regularly use psychology to understand how people read, use and interpret information online. And this is just to give some examples.
Psychology addresses theoretical issues and real-life issues
Psychology studies both the theoretical level of knowledge and its practical applications in real life. Some researchers focus on exploring the knowledge of the mind and behavior (known as basic investigation), while others directly seek the solution of problems and the application of psychological methods in real-world situations (known as the applied research).
Psychology also studies normal behavior.
The psychologist's work is not based only on the diagnosis and treatment of dysfunctional behavior. It is important to remember that psychology also studies the normal behavior of people.
Psychology tries to describe, explain, predict, modify and improve behaviors
The four main objectives of psychology They are:
- Describe human thought and behavior
- Explain why these behaviors occur
- Predict how, why and when these behaviors can be repeated in the future
- Modify dysfunctional behaviors to improve the lives of individuals and society as a whole