Do you remember when you told your friend that you loved his new hairstyle when it really seemed catastrophic? Or when in childhood you denied to your parents having written on the wall despite still having the pen in your hands? exist black and white lies that are easy to recognize by everyone, but there is also a very different category, blue lies ... what are they about?
Black and white lies
The black and white lies They are quite easy to identify and we have all lived them sometime.
A black lie it's a false statement with a selfish motivation To avoid blame. Imagine you have proof that your neighbor has scratched your car, you have even seen it done from your kitchen window while you served yourself a coffee in the morning. Imagine that when you ask if your car has been scratched, your neighbor flatly denies everything. He would be telling a black lie.
A white lieOn the contrary, it is the lie that we can launch with a moral purpose or, in short, with good intentions. It is, for example, to tell someone that you love the new decoration of your living room, even if it is the last decoration that you would choose, or to tell a family member that you love the new jersey that has given you, although you know that you will never wear it . The white lies are altruistic acts that we let go so as not to harm others.
It seems that children begin to tell black lies (or selfish) at approximately three years, when they begin to realize that they can avoid a negative consequence. Later, they start telling white lies about the age of seven, when they possess feelings of empathy and come to feel compassion for others.
What are blue lies?
The blue lies They go beyond this dichotomy between selfish acts and altruistic acts. Rather, it could be said that they are halfway between good and evil and they are the explanation for many social phenomena that soon by boat, are incoherent for many people.
The blue lies are those falsehoods that we affirm in pursuit of the good of the group to which we belong. According to the psychologist at the University of Toronto Kang lee, “Blue lies are found between generous and selfish lies. (…) For example, you can lie about the pitfalls of your team in a game, which is antisocial, but that helps your team. ”
It seems that we begin to emit blue lies after black and white. In a study by read and his colleagues found that older children, starting at age eleven, were more likely to lie for the good of their chess teams than younger ones. Their benefit was not individualistic, but they did for the good of the group to which they belonged.
There are many theories that explain how some lies can continue to be sustained despite being completely incoherent, especially in the era in which we find ourselves in which scientific knowledge is broader. For example, many people do not explain themselves as the obvious lies that some very powerful politicians pour, are still accepted by many of their voters. Others do not understand why the followers of certain sects and even religions whose beliefs are far removed from what seems real, repeat their assertions fervently without sometimes considering whether what they maintain departs somewhat from reality.
Maintaining false information for the good of the group makes the members of that group feel united and strong before others. "Because when you think your group is under threat, you feel you have to resort to any necessary means," Lee explained. "The more you feel threatened, the more you want to dismiss others, the more likely you are to use blue lies."
We are social animals and the need to belong to a group is sometimes stronger even than our own rationality. Criticism of our group becomes a criticism of ourselves and any blue lie, however extreme, will be maintained more strongly.
It is the dichotomy presented by blue lies, they can be heroic and altruistic, like when Princess Leia in Star Wars lied about the location of the rebel base so as not to betray her team. Or they can be truly irrational, such as affirming that climate change does not exist, for the benefit of certain corporations, politicians and voters who feel they are part of a common good, even though the common good may be destroyed.
It may interest you: 10 ways to catch a liar