Social adaptation, crime prevention and recidivism

Social adaptation, crime prevention and recidivism

Feggy Ostrosky, a neuropsychologist and researcher at UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico), with a PhD in Biomedicine and a postgraduate degree in Communication Disorders University of North Western, (USA), wrote a book about it, called "Murderous Minds: Violence in your brain ”(2011), where it reflects the clinical work he has done with serial killers in prisons in Mexico, like some drug traffickers, he also talks about feminicides and ominous crimes that surpass any horror story.


  • 1 Studies on psychopathy and criminal acts
  • 2 Critical stages in the development of psychopaths
  • 3 Antisocial vs. prosocial education
  • 4 Habituation and strengthening of violence and cruelty
  • 5 Treatment for psychopaths and sociopaths

Studies on psychopathy and criminal acts

Dr. Ostrosky tells us that Among the population prisons and prisons, those who are psychopaths are 60% likely to relapse and manifest antisocial behaviors., it is important to take preventive measures and review social adaptation programs, especially those who have this profile.

Typically, the psychopath becomes more skilled at executing his criminal acts, when an approach to classical orthodox psychotherapy is adopted, a study conducted with different prison prisoners in the United States,
who took psychotherapy, They relapsed by 80% on leaving.

Since I was born, she repudiated the fact that I was a woman, when I was a child I tolerated my presence. However, as I began to enter puberty, I began to feel a strong rejection, to receive denigrations and humiliations from him, violated my rights several times, hit me and made me feel that I was never good enough to be worthy of being his daughter, since he was a brilliant doctor, always helped the needy and the sick, regardless of his status, maybe because of all that, I did not realize that I had to get away from him, I adored him, I could understand in the 'damage count' until I lost almost everything, it hurts a lot that in his last years of life we ​​had to get away, now that he died I am still marked by his injuries" Female adult patient, daughter of a psychopath.

In subjects with CT with limited prosocial emotions and TPA, it is advisable to establish certain preventive measures, of primary care especially when they are small, avoiding risk factors, having contingency plans to face certain situations and strengthening healthy behaviors. This requires psychiatric help and psychological guidance.

Their social learning is usually accelerated although not very harmonious, it helps them to improve their skills, this means that behind bars they can potentiate them, make links to plan and execute crimes more heinous when leaving, may appear adaptive behavior to take time in their sentences, those who have CI (IQ) higher win the empathy of many, in the stories of famous serial killers we can see how from prison they are able to keep moving their followers, they gain privileged positions for their status, talents and charisma that some people with disruptive behavior disorders and disruptive behavior have, the same thing usually happens in certain rehabilitation centers that seek more than help people: profit from the suffering of others.

In Mexico, many “rehabilitation” centers violate human rights, not even the police can enter there, many people with dependencies have lost their lives in them, adults and minors can be sexually abused and in other ways, especially women, if you have a family member with CT and APD, do not be fooled, make sure that the person you love is in the hands of professionals to not complicate their disorder, verify informed consent, read the small letters even if you are broken and that Specify in advance to which different rehabilitation center or psychiatric hospital they would refer you, you could be signing the death sentence or helping the most perverse to do what they please with your own child.

Critical stages in the development of psychopaths

Feggy Ostrosky, recognizes three critical stages in the development of "psychopaths", presenting little adaptive behaviors, tantrums, anger accesses; many parents, not finding the appropriate psycho-pedagogical strategies, do not establish discipline with or without love, these periods are manifested at three, from six to eight years of age, they can present alterations in the intersensory integration, some usually present challenges for reading-writing skills, due to their angular gyrus, the last Critical stage is between 11 and 13 years old, their differences in orbitofrontal areas, makes it easier for them to choose to make dangerous decisions when they are not properly oriented, at that age, when there is no containment and a strong bond with parents or guardians, They can seek to join social groups or people who promote and encourage disturbing behavior.

This should serve as indicators of risk factors for parents, teachers and other authority figures to pay more attention to the upbringing of children, often parents allow and reinforce these behaviors, thinking that it is something temporary, precisely the maintenance of Some hostile and non-adaptive behaviors may be another indicator, how much are we encouraging and reinforcing as parents and teachers markedly antisocial behaviors?

Antisocial vs. prosocial education

The so-called cases of teenage murderers in schools in the United States, attacks in different parts of the globe that have claimed so many victims ... Health professionals, we find young people and children increasingly involved in serious crimes… But what can make a child have so much anger saved and little or no empathy to kill his peers or his family as if it were a game? Several components come into play, some are marked by their genetics, they have found a correlation between variations of the MAO-A gene and associate it with aggressive behaviorsHowever, epigenetic factors, the psychosocial environment in which children develop also count, as well as the type of formation.

The temperament has a genetic component, however it may not be decisive, since “not all psychopaths are violent or murderers, between three and five percent of the population is a "subclinical psychopath." James fallon, he is an admirable neuroscientist who when studying murderous brains, observing some scanners of his relatives, related to the BBC (2013) thus: “Then I saw a last scanner that seemed really pathological, I called the technician and said: 'Look, this is mixed, this belongs to the murderers', it looked like the worst cases he had seen, "he soon realized that it was his own brain he was studying.

We can appreciate in the life story of Fallon, who has not manifested any atrocious act, on the contrary, has contributed to science with passion for his work, has a family ... What could be different? His scanner showed to be as pathological as that of some murderers, however It is evident that he had an excellent education and commented that he was surrounded by love and that he was happy.

Could it be that the secret ingredient is "true love", the constant care and education so that a psychopath or sociopath in power to manifest high danger does not develop as such? These components can influence or mark the course of a person. Behold, the importance of the bond strengthened through affection, the importance of healthy and respectful physical contact: caressing and hugging children, it is not enough to "meet" to meet their basic needs, to fill them with objects that they do not need and that affect their optimal development, Education starts at home.

Habituation and strengthening of violence and cruelty

Recall that in past times, programs with violent content happened at special times, with the growth of mass media now these images are reaching very young brains, as teenagers and even many children have unlimited access to these types of programs, violent video games with unlimited access, mobile devices where cruelty events are frequent, programs that make A person becomes accustomed to violence and sees it as something common, thus making people a little more insensitive.

Some parents find it funny, they are indifferent or sometimes they do not know how to establish psycho-pedagogical strategies that help them lead a healthy coexistence of respect and appropriate limits set with love, they promote antisocial behaviors by allowing children to mistreat people, animals or objects, either with their words and their actions.

Other parents ignore this, thinking that "it will happen when he grows up", there are those who maintain the retrograde belief that they are sent to school "to be educated", so many pay large sums of money, as long as they don't pay attention to your kids, however by not intervening dynamically as nutritional parents, they may be reinforcing behaviors sociopaths. Do we want to avoid such ominous tragedies with terrible losses as the crimes that have taken place in schools and public places in the United States and other parts of the planet? Education is a job in which we must involve all the actors in society, from our areas.

Both types of patients are able to keep a lot of anger, resentment and envy within themselves ... Children who do not have psycho-pedagogical tools to properly manage their emotions, they can resort to emotional and social isolation, especially those who are mistreated or ignored, those who live in highly dysfunctional homes, those who experience abuse at any level, where humiliation is the “daily bread” and the communication language of parents or guardians towards children is predominantly aggressive, when children are far from parents, when they are torn from the heart of the home, if they do not have adequate coping strategies, they may want to be part of a criminal organization seeking their sense of relevance, especially in adolescence.

Are you raising little emperors and queens? Or, are you raising truly human beings with the ability to live in respect for their natural and social environment? These last they would be people capable of participating in the construction of a more inclusive social fabric.

When these individuals were not set limits in key stages, it is very difficult for them to learn to live in respect, if you know someone who meets several of these characteristics or maintains a strong attachment relationship with someone like that, even if it is your own family or even the love of your life, the most convenient thing is to accept that the limits must be set by you, before you have serious consequences in your life, if not before they end it.

Treatment for psychopaths and sociopaths

One approach cognitive behavioral can help to model their behavior, when they are young, the intervention by a multidisciplinary team of health professionals should be early and appropriate, including the people with whom the patient lives, the family dynamics is a core point, often the favorable results are the product of the efforts of parents, guardians, teachers, leaders and other authority or influence figures on them, it is necessary that parents know the ways in which they could help your child develop prosocial behaviors, There are psychopedagogical strategies that can be implemented, another key is the constancy to establish good habits that seek quality of life.

It should be taken into account that when there is persistence and maintenance of disturbing behaviors, these patients may require psychiatric intervention. Although it is not a cure, you can benefit from practical mindful practices, to know how to soften mental noises and help change brain activity, practice Kundalini Yoga, since this is the yoga of consciousness, many kriyas, asanas and meditations help the emotional regulation, Apart from providing great health benefits, suggestion in deeper states of consciousness: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta and Theta, these practices help you to be able to issue more equanimous responses.


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