The Community psychology It is a type of psychological approach that integrates social, cultural, economic, political and environmental influences to promote a positive change in mental health both individually and systemically.
- 1 What is Community Psychology
- 2 What is and what is not community psychology
- 3 What do community psychologists work on?
What is Community Psychology?
The Community psychology It is an area of specialty that deals with how individuals relate to society. Do you ever think about how community problems can affect the health and well-being of individuals? Or have you ever wondered how people can become a more active contributor to their community? These are the two main topics of interest within the field of this branch of psychology.
He basically works with knowledge of other disciplines including the sociology, political science, public health, cross-cultural psychology and social psychology. Psychologists working in this field study cultural, economic, social, political and environmental life and their way of influencing the lives of people around the world.
Their type of approach can be both theoretical and applied, but it is often a mixture of both. While some community psychologists conduct research on theoretical issues, others take this information and use it to identify problems and develop solutions within communities.
What is and what is not community psychology
It may be useful to describe community psychology distinguish it from other disciplines with which it is related. For example, it is similar to clinical psychology and mental health, but focused on the community and its orientation to action. That is, it aims to promote human well-being.
Although community psychology emerged largely with the intention of locating mental health problems within the individual, community psychologists look for threats to mental health in the social environment, or in the lack of adjustment between individuals and their environment. They usually advocate social change, rather than individual change. They focus on health and not on disease, and on the improvement of individual and community skills.
This discipline is part of public health in terms of integrating a preventive orientation. That is, community psychologists try to prevent problems before they appear, instead of waiting for them to become serious and debilitating. But community psychology differs from public health in that its concern is mainly mental health, social institutions and quality of life in general. In many ways, community psychology is like social work, except that it has a very important research orientation. Community psychologists are committed to the idea that there is nothing more practical than rigorous, well-conceived research aimed at social problems.
So, as we have said, community psychology is like social psychology with the adoption of a group or systemic approach to human behavior. He worries about the use of psychological knowledge to solve social problems. It borrows many industry techniques and the organizations psychology, although it tends to deal with organizations from a community perspective, such as human service delivery systems and support networks. In addition, it focuses simultaneously on the problems of customers and workers rather than just management objectives and values. It has to do with issues of regulation and control, and with the improvement of the positive characteristics and skills of relatively powerless social groups, such as minorities, children and the elderly of social tolerance.
What do community psychologists work on?
Depending on the training, experience and preferences, community psychologists can work as educators, teachers, program directors, consultants, policy developers, evaluators, as well as researchers in organizations, as advisors in universities, government agencies and, for Of course, in communities to promote mental health and community well-being.