Mood disorders

Mood disorders


  • 1 Mood and emotions
  • 2 Depressive States
  • 3 Manic States

Mood and emotions

When talking about moods we refer to the states of emotional activation that a person maintains for a prolonged period of time. It can be defined as humor or emotional state and it differs from emotions by the fact that it is less specific and more constant over time, it is not so easily altered before a stimulus.

Moods can be shaped in a continuous line between two poles. In this line we see at one extreme the dysthymia (associated with dysphoria or depression), which corresponds to the low mood activation and, on the contrary, at the other end there is the hyperthymia (associated with euphoria or mania), which corresponds to high mood activation. The normal mood is called eutimia.

Mood disorders can be located from the point where it is within this line and the record that it remains in one of these states. People who generally have a lower mood and remain in dysthymia are those who suffer from disorders such as dysphoria and depression. On the contrary, people who remain at the opposite extreme, in hyperthymia, suffer from hypomanic or manic disorders, depending on the degree of euphoria.

Finally, there are people who do not stay at any point if they are changing from one end to the other of this line, one season they are depressive and another are manic, when this inconstancy occurs in the emotional state is what we define as the disorder Bipolar.

Depressive States

It is considered an abnormally low mood and is characterized by deep and persistent sadness, loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities, fatigue and feelings of hopelessness. There are various disorders related to the depressive state, however the factors that generate it or the symptomatology can be diverse.

Manic States

It is considered an abnormally elevated, expansive and irritable mood without a relationship with any circumstance or a vital situation of the person. In the manic state the person is characterized by an exaggerated self-esteem or feeling of greatness, a language and an accelerated way of thinking with overrated ideas, an optimism in the extreme that leads him to perform activities that produce pleasure without taking into account the consequences ( for example, buy without limits, sexual indiscretions ...).

If while reading this text you feel identified with one of the two poles or with the fact that you have been sad and euphoric for a few days, does that mean you have a disorder?

No. The graphic explanation shows the disorders associated with each pruning, which does not mean that being a moment with a low mood you are a depressive. All people are within the line of mood and tend to have a certain mood. People who do not have a disorder, in general they remain in euthymia, however, they do not remain static at this point, their various vital circumstances will determine what can happen more or less through each of the poles.

There is a wide variety of internal factors (for example neurological causes) of environmental factors (such as the loss of a loved one or separation in a relationship) and personality factors (for example the tendency to be more or less positive) that can determine the onset and course of a mood disorder. The most representative indicators that a mood can lead to disorder is the time and intensity of symptoms.

Sergi Casaponsa

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