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Schemes of the child's cognitive, language and socio-emotional development

Schemes of the child's cognitive, language and socio-emotional development

Content

  • 1 Cognitive Development
  • 2 Language Development
  • 3 Socio-emotional development

Cognitive Development

0-1 month

  • Use crying to ask for what you want
  • Reacts to the sounds
  • Look at an object placed in the midline approximately 20 cm.

1-2 months

  • Incompletely follow the horizontal and vertical movement of an object
  • Imitates mouth movements without producing sounds
  • At the fifth week you can start smiling

2-3 months

  • Grab an object by placing it in your hand
  • Follow an object in circular motion
  • Reacts to noise by opening more eyes

3-4 months

  • You see the world in colors
  • He grabs an object that is in front of him, near his hands and brings it to his mouth
  • Look at his mirror image and laugh

4-5 months

  • You can take an object with your hand and shake it
  • Reach an object by itself when placed in the middle line
  • Start playing with a stuffed animal or your pacifier

5-6 months

  • He gets distracted for longer by waving an object in his hand
  • Grab an object and pass it from one hand to another
  • Follow an object that falls
  • Holds an object in each hand while viewing another that is offered

6-7 months

  • Turn your head in search of a person or object
  • Stretch your arms to ask to be caught
  • Enjoy imitating actions like turning on the light

7-8 months

  • You can start to understand the meaning of the word "no"
  • He looks for his caregiver when he hides in front of him
  • Imitates goodbye gestures or clapping in the presence of a model

8-9 months

  • He likes to throw objects to observe how they sound when he falls and how his parents pick him up.
  • You can take an object out of a container by imitation

9-10 months

  • Find an object that has been hidden in front of him
  • Try to reach objects that are under the crib or other furniture
  • Reproduce various gestures, learned by imitation as a kiss

10-11 months

  • Point out what you want with your finger
  • Remove obstacles to reach a toy that has hidden in front of him
  • Imitate an action like clapping a doll

11-12 months

  • Imitates simple daily routine actions, such as cleaning with a cloth
  • It is able to place an object on another
  • He seeks the company of other babies, but he doesn't know how to share

13-15 months

  • Explore small objects inside a container with your index finger
  • Try to make a tower and it drops

16-18 months

  • Remove small items from a container by flipping it
  • Makes 3 and 4 cube towers

19-21 months

  • Imitate the tasks of an adult or older child as sweeping
  • He is able to point out the figures in a story when asked

22-24 months

  • Imitates gestures and figures of adult caregivers
  • Two piece puzzle weapon

2-3 years old

  • Recognize spatial concepts: up - down -, inside - outside.
  • When he plays he imitates people, relatives like grandparents and uncles.
  • Draw head, arms and legs on the human figure.

3-4 years old

  • Sort the geometric figures by simple shape and primary color.
  • Place and name the cross, circle, square, triangle on the excavated board.
  • Sort objects by attribute: size.

4-5 years old

  • Classify geometric figures by simple shapes, secondary colors and three sizes.
  • Participate in simple plays assuming the role of another.

5-6 years old

  • They don't stop asking questions and speak almost like an adult
  • Use with agility objects such as scissors, colors, etc.
  • You can do household chores such as setting and removing the table, making the bed ...

Language development

0-1 month

  • Reacts to sounds and voices
  • Look when you look straight ahead
  • He calms down when the mother cradles him in his arms
  • He expresses himself by crying to communicate that he is hungry

1-2 months

  • Keeps your attention to the caregiver's voice
  • He smiles when they cradle him
  • Cry differently if you are hungry or in pain
  • Make sounds like ah, uh, when you're satisfied

2-3 months

  • Keep an eye on the caregiver when he speaks
  • Understand gestures and gestures of the caregiver
  • Vocalizes when care approaches aah-eeh

3-4 months

  • Try to turn around looking for the sound
  • Vocalize or babble to show irritation, anger, joy
  • Cry to demand attention
  • Start vocalizing consonants: k, g, r
  • The affective intonation of your voice begins to vary

4-5 months

  • Understand intonations when they speak to you
  • Vocalize to demand attention
  • Age of pre-babble, he speaks to himself
  • Imitates the sounds emitted by your caregiver

5-6 months

  • Take care of the caregiver's voice
  • Follow the music
  • Imitate noises like coughing
  • Gorgoritos emits
  • Request your wishes with vocalizations
  • Listen carefully to the sounds around you

6-7 months

  • Recognize his name when they call him
  • He turns to hear his name
  • I could say wow when you see a dog
  • Pay attention to the musical rhythms

7-8 months

  • Recognize the mother's voice, even without seeing her
  • Understand orders that contain familiar words
  • Respond to people and toys vocalizing
  • Silabea when he plays and trumpets with his tongue

8-9 months

  • Discriminate the sounds of the bell, bell and keys
  • Understand simple orders: take and give me
  • He gestures goodbye, arepitas before the verbal order
  • Repeat syllables to express what you want

9-10 months

  • Selectively listen to familiar words: water, bottle, cookie
  • Understand the "no" and suspend what you are doing
  • It says "yes" and "no" with movement of the head
  • Imitate simple words
  • Call your mom
  • Listen to new melodies with much interest

10-11 months

  • Discriminates the tone of the phrase as strong and soft
  • Try to imitate words
  • He pats to express joy
  • Pay attention to the conversations
  • Respond to the strong or soft ton: cry or laugh

11 to 12 months

  • Understand "open your mouth" and short sentences
  • Point to known objects
  • Respond with gestures or actions to simple questions

13-15 months

  • Walk in search of a known object
  • Follow an order
  • Quickly respond to your name
  • Says mom, dad, water when you see them
  • Listen carefully to musical rhythms

16-18 months

  • Discriminate family names
  • It is consolidated NOT as an order to follow
  • Point out four parts of your face
  • Respond to gestures or actions
  • Express word phrase "water by, give me water"

19-21 months

  • Discriminate family names
  • Point to identify things
  • Point the plane or the ship when they pass through the air or by the sea
  • Follow a 3 step order
  • Listen carefully to what is happening around you

22-24 months

  • Discriminate names of known objects
  • Follow a simple order
  • Recognize 3 to 5 figures
  • Replace gestures with words
  • Watch short stories that read to you

2-3 years old

  • Recognize similar sounds and identify them
  • Discriminate your last name and say it
  • Execute a 2-stage order without adult presence
  • Match up to 20 words
  • Start sentences of 3 well-constructed words

3-4 years old

  • Recognize songs
  • Answer the question how?
  • Repeat an instruction given to you
  • When asked why? Answer yes
  • Build 4 word sentences
  • Gesture with your face to speak
  • It says what the known objects are for

4-5 years old

  • Point in one more, less and few lamina
  • When asked what? Respond descriptively
  • Tell a joke and dramatize them with gestures
  • Repeat family poems
  • Discriminate new words and try to use them spontaneously

5-6 years old

  • Hum and sing songs
  • Repeat the instructions given to you
  • Point on a sheet far, near, above, below
  • Answer more complex questions: contrary to ... And what if ...
  • Define objects for use: a car, a ball, a knife
  • Holds a conversation with an adult and uses their gestures accurately
  • It relates experiences of the daily happening using yesterday and tomorrow.

Socio-emotional development

0-1 month

  • Automatic smile
  • Eat every 2 or 3 hours and suck the mother's breast strongly
  • He gets upset when his face is covered
  • Express with crying the dissatisfaction of basic needs

1-2 months

  • The social smile appears with the caregiver
  • He fixes his gaze on the faces
  • Smile as a consistent social response to your caregiver

2-3 months

  • Turn to hear voices; discriminates them from other sounds
  • Protest when the caregiver walks away

4-5 months

  • Smile at your image in the mirror
  • Enjoy playing hide and seek with your caregiver
  • Recognize the voice and figure of other relatives

5-6 months

  • Play with your objects in the water
  • Discriminate against the mother of strangers

6-7 months

  • Be curious about strangers
  • Starts attachment relationship with the father

7-8 months

  • Smile at the caregiver's social reinforcement
  • Recognize close relatives: dad, brothers, grandparents 8-9 months
  • Laugh when it reaches something.
  • Thanks in the bathroom for the caregiver laughs
  • Demonstrates anxiety for separation from the mother
  • Stop crying when you realize that your caregiver left

9-10 months

  • Repeat what was celebrated with laughter
  • Say hello by imitation
  • Cry before the presence of strangers

11-12 months

  • Warn with your "language" that you have defecated to change
  • He likes to be the center of attention
  • He is possessive with his things

13-15 months

  • Repeat actions that make you laugh
  • Continually demand the attention of adults

16-18 months

  • He warns that he is going to have a bowel movement, but he doesn't control. Sphincter control training begins
  • Recognize the absence of a relative and ask for him

19-21 months

  • He plays with other children and smiles at him.
  • He is glad when a familiar figure comes. 22-24 months
  • He laughs contagiously at something funny he sees
  • When running do not spill the teaspoon
  • He recognizes his whole family by name

2-3 years old

  • He says if he wants to eat or not
  • Daytime sphincter control
  • Say your correct age with your fingers
  • It is recognized in the mirror and called by name

3-4 years old

  • Clean something that spills without help
  • Recognize your neighbors
  • He speaks spontaneously of his family
  • It adapts to preschool

4-5 years old

  • Choose your friends and enjoy being with them
  • There is intentional relationship with your peers to achieve something concrete
  • Recognize emotional expressions on plates

5-6 years old

  • Interact spontaneously with other children your age
  • He is autonomous to make decisions and resolve his conflicts with other children
  • Verbally express desires, fears and joys

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