Nowadays we are immersed in a society where to become fully integrated adults it is essential to acquire theoretical and practical knowledge so complex that we need to be educated, it is no longer enough with the ancient traditions of transferring the knowledge of parents to Children to lead a full life. This is a schooling, on the other hand, mandatory in developed countries, and we observe then how to Many young people find it extremely difficult sometimes to achieve the essential objectives to successfully complete their studies.
- 1 Study or brood?
- 2 The study pursues two fundamental objectives
- 3 Study environment
- 4 Basic Tips
- 5 Organization and planning of the study
- 6 Attention and Concentration
- 7 Learning
- 8 The memory
Study or brood?
There are students who seem to “do well” to study, but others have a hard time and this may be due to multiple factors, but in most of the problem lies in a bad study technique.
To begin with, we must bear in mind that the term study is not synonymous with "brooding", much less. While it is true that on many occasions the study includes memorization of part of the agenda, this memorization cannot be without understanding. Studying is a job in which it is necessary to acquire and master a series of skills, abilities and techniques, which are learned with the exercise and that allow the achievement of the proposed objective, in this case the study.
Getting to be a good student today, we are prepared for tomorrow to also be a Good professional, responsible, dynamic and with a high adaptability.
The main purpose of the study, from the point of view of human and cultural development, is the integral formation of the person, enabling them to lead a full life, both individually and collectively. We must bear in mind that any act we perform in the development of our daily lives is not in itself an isolated act, but is in conjunction with everything that surrounds us. For this reason, the fact of studying does not detract from the vital continuum and is immersed in personal global behavior, collaborating in achieving the physical and psychological well-being of every human being. To obtain it, however, it is necessary to take responsibility for this task.
Therefore, learning to study correctly is not only about offering a work methodology, but it is necessary to provide it with human quality, creativity and incorporate it into the dynamics of our life. Studying does not mean filling our brain with random data, but acquiring a good mental formation that allows us to integrate into the world and interpret reality in a coherent and global way. This mental ability could be defined with the following characteristics: flexibility, agility, critical ability, creativity, curiosity and intellectual sensitivity, ability for analysis and synthesis and ease of reading and expression. These characteristics can be enhanced and organized so that our objective, study, is fully met.
The important thing, therefore, is not the amount of study, but the quality of it. Knowing how to study means knowing how to think, observe, concentrate, organize and analyze, in short being mentally efficient.
The study pursues two fundamental objectives
- The acquisition of knowledge.
- The implementation of this knowledge.
Next we will offer some practical advice so that we learn to study in the most efficient way possible.
Family: Every student is greatly influenced by the people around him and live with him daily. If from a young age we live with parents who bring us stability, harmony and create a positive climate towards the act of studying, the child, and later the young person, will integrate it as a natural act and their school performance will be greater.
school: Peers and teachers also exert an enormous influence so that the subjects to be studied are interesting in the eyes of the student, and this can greatly help in the desire to learn more.
Individual: The internal conditions of the person, such as their level of motivation towards the study, the interest towards a final objective they want to reach and why, the ability to face problems and solve them, the conviction that the study is a true profession and has its difficulties, are also essential for the future success of the student.
Physical environment: here we would include both our physical conditions (when we feel sick we are not able to integrate any new information in the same way) as the place of study (this should be serene and at the same time stimulate the desire to study).
To start a day of study on the right foot we have to take several things into account, first of all on a personal level our body must be in optimal conditions: it is better not to study after a strong meal, an intense emotion or after drinking alcohol. It is also not advisable to smoke a lot or drink a lot of coffee. Sleeping too much or too little will cause us not to be 100% of our abilities. In general we must keep the body in shape by exercising moderately, practicing good breathing, following a healthy diet and sleeping as necessary.
As for the physical space, the place where the act of studying usually takes place is in front of a desk or desk. This is where you should get the best possible conditions, such as silence, proper lighting (that avoids shadows and is not too intense to not create glare that can tire the view), comfortable furniture (with the table at an appropriate height , that we do not have to bend our backs or feel short, and with a chair that maintains a position at 90º), material at hand, as well as a personal touch that provides well-being and warmth to the study area of each one . Also if you take the habit of studying in the same place, the concentration process will end up being faster and more efficient.
Organization and planning of the study
To start we must plan the study hours, because we will have a control and we can better organize the rest of personal tasks. Having an adequate schedule will give us:
- Psychological relief.
- Avoid wasting time and studying more than necessary.
- It allows the concentration.
- It helps create the habit of study.
- It allows you to study just in the right time.
To plan our personal schedule we must consider the following:
- Make a first assessment of our daily activities and the time at hand.
- Weekly structure our study schedule in relation to these tasks, so that some do not interfere with the others.
- Make a scale of assessment of the subjects according to the degree of difficulty they represent for us, to devote more time to some than others.
- Subjects that are similar should never be studied in a row, to avoid confusion.
- Leave a day for leisure every day.
- Do physical exercise regularly.
- Be realistic and adjust to our pace of life.
- Bear in mind that its character is provisional, as soon as the exam time is over the curriculum will disappear.
- Once planned, it must be fulfilled.
There are two main causes that make the schedule fail:
- Distraction, which can be internal (thoughts) or external (noise, family, friends, ...)
- Failure to value the schedule as important, which leads to non-compliance.
The strategies that we can carry out to facilitate hourly compliance are:
- Perform shorter periods of study, but maintaining the established level of hours.
- Have the goals and purposes concretized to the fullest.
- Collate more breaks.
- Adapt the place of study better.
- Study in the best hours for each one.
- Control the thought.
- Make family and friends understand the importance of studying, so that they respect that activity.
- Get "make our" the place where we work.
- Go regularly to a library.
Studying properly creates fatigue and there are some techniques that help the rest of intellectual work and at the same time favor concentration:
- When we stop the work and take the corresponding breaks, there are three progressive levels of disconnection from it: change of intellectual work, complete mental change and change of total occupation. There are a series of relaxation exercises that can be practiced to achieve complete mental disconnection:
- Physical relaxation of the senses: look for 20 "something at a distance of two or more meters. Quietly, passively, with the thought centered on what is seen as if it were seen for the first time.
- Relaxation of the muscles of the head: move the muscles of the forehead several times until they are tired, let them go and feel them relax.
- Changes in physical posture to mobilize inactive muscles during the study.
- Respiratory exercises: breathe deeply and deeply slowly for 1-2 minutes.
- If we feel tired during intellectual work do not think that you are tired, you will get more tired. Relax from fatigue, first observe if there are internal tensions that detract from energy, see if you are applying reading techniques well and relax your eyes looking away. If you still can't work, postpone it for 15 or 20 minutes, do completely different activities to study.
Attention and Concentration
We can define attention as the ability to persistently focus on a particular stimulus or activity. An attention disorder can be manifested by easy distraction or difficulty performing tasks or concentrating on work.
There are two types of care:
Involuntary: is one in which we do not put intention. For example, a loud sound, a familiar voice, a light.
Volunteer: It is one that requires a choice on our part and therefore an effort to avoid the attraction that other stimuli exert towards us. This type of attention is essential to obtain performance when studying.
Concentration is the prolonged maintenance of attention. To increase attention span, work on five points:
- Exercise the will and interest in the study, that is, be motivated towards it. Think often why you study, find the concrete utility that you can have what you are doing now, always return to the task without nerves helps to strengthen the will.
- Properly dealing with personal matters, this can be done in two ways: write them down and postpone their attention after the study, or, if it is an important or irritating issue, give yourself 15 minutes to think about it and then return to the study.
- Getting excited about what you are doing, taking into account the power of thoughts, so that they must be positive about the task so that we can feel comfortable.
- Try to stay physically fit and without tensions when studying.
- Do specific exercises to improve attention. For example: Count all "a" of a page of a book taking into account the time it takes to do so. Observe any object for a minute trying to remember it in the smallest detail. Draw it without the model trying to find the accuracy of the details.
Learning something means making a change in our knowledge and way of thinking about a specific issue, with relative permanence, and that cannot be attributed only to the person's development process. It depends on personal circumstances and the evolutionary moment in which you are.
There are four basic conditions to achieve optimal learning:
- Want to learn, voluntarily and freely.
- Be motivated to learn, knowing the effort involved and be willing to do it.
- Have a method that systematizes knowledge.
- Distribute time appropriately, so as to avoid wasting it unnecessarily.
We must also know that there are a number of laws on the functioning of learning:
- Law of Similarity: An image evokes those that resemble it.
- Law of contrast: An image evokes the opposite.
- Law of continuity: An image evokes another next in space or time.
- Law of intimate relationships: An image evokes others that are related to it.
- Law of Interest: An image is strongly linked to an effect if the emotion felt by it is pleasant.
Thus, the more we relate what we learn to these laws, the more we will retain it.
To later know how to combine, integrate and extract from the data we have learned, it is necessary to create a synthesis of them. From here arise some mental laws that are necessary to put into practice when studying and are:
- Law of Effect: try to associate pleasant feelings with everything related to the study, since it will be better remembered.
- Law of Exercise: Continuous repetition and review makes the connection between the elements studied very strong, greatly reducing forgetfulness.
- Law of Predisposition or End: once a goal is accepted, the path to it becomes pleasant, so we have to clarify as much as possible our goals in the study.
The memory It is defined as the mental capacity to conserve and evoke how much one has lived. It is a very complex psychic phenomenon in which elementary psychism (traces that sensations leave in the nervous tissue), superior nervous activity (creation of new nervous connections by repetition, that is, conditioned reflexes) and the conceptual system come into play. or intelligence itself. It is a specifically human activity insofar as it involves the recognition of the past as past image.
Memory is closely related to interest and attention, as well as to the proper operability of the brain. It is essential for life, since without it existence would develop in a present void of meanings.
The effectiveness of memory depends on the following factors:
- Physical factors: This includes a balanced diet, sufficient rest and proper breathing.
- Psychic factors: Be realistic in our goals and aspirations, control thinking and deal with problem situations and solve them.
- Intellectual factors: There must be real motivation and interest in learning to make the understanding of the data.
To facilitate the memorization process we can use the following tips:
- Association of ideas: means organizing the data in units with meaning, grouping them according to a general basic principle, since in this way one idea will evoke another.
- Recode the material: Impose our own structure on the material, taking care that this structure is appropriate to the content and use our sensory capabilities in an interrelated way.
- Fragment the material: The material to be memorized must be fragmented into units with meaning that we will memorize one by one. When we are finished, we will make a globalization of the fragmented.
- Use the interest of the stimulus: Curiosity and true interest in a subject. The absence of nerves and avoiding pointless memorization will help to make the memorization process truly effective.
- Regular repetition: This is the best way to guarantee the strength of the stimulus.
- Personal characteristics: The intention to learn and the will to assimilate is necessary, so it is convenient that our studies coincide with our personal tastes.
- Mnemonic Rules: A mnemonic rule is a simple system that is used to remember data, names, numbers, etc.
It may interest you:
How to take notes in class
Study of books and notes
Video on study techniques: mind maps
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