The pregnancy It is a stage full of changes, not only for the woman who lives it, but at a general level in the surrounding environment changes are evident during the gestational state. It should be noted that there are no changes exclusively at the physical level in the future mother, but also at the psychological level for this reason we will talk about the area called Pregnancy Psychology, little known but very positive in terms of accompaniment for pregnant mothers.
What is the Psychology of Pregnancy?
It is the branch of Psychology that is responsible for the study of pregnancy and all associated factors, with the aim of promoting mental and emotional health in the mother from the moment she finds out about her condition until the postpartum stage (that is, the first 6 weeks after birth).
Nowadays, in some countries, such as Colombia, comprehensive care of the pregnant woman is carried out, that is, in addition to her prenatal controls with the gynecologist, she receives counseling from Psychology and Social Work (in some cases). Recognizing that care should be taken that addresses all the spheres in which the pregnant woman develops and that can exert some influence at this stage.
Fields of application
In general they can be 4: perception of pregnancy by the pregnant woman (or woman in a state of pregnancy), role of the father, emotional management and prevention of psychological disorders in pregnancy (and / or postpartum stage).
Regarding the perception of pregnancy by the pregnant woman, it is initially important that the psychology professional enters to inquire how he received the news of his pregnancy, that is, if it is desired or unwanted; which will have different repercussions on the life of the woman and her environment. In addition to this, the future mother must be psychoeducated, that is, explain in a simple way what are the expected changes at the physical level (especially hormonal), psychological and social so that little by little you learn more about your new role; This can be done by treating topics such as: emotional reactions, emotional chronology (that is, the set of changes at the emotional level according to each quarter) and adaptation to new role (ambivalence, introversion and coping with these changes).
Second, psychoeducate the father of the new being that is on its way in its new role, that is, just as the mother must be born psychologically, the father must also do it. This can be done by identifying your perception of pregnancy and the way you are dealing with it, remember that from the mother's womb the father-baby bond begins to be created. Within this aspect, issues such as: general changes at the physical and / or emotional level of your partner due to pregnancy, couvade syndrome (characterized by changes in pregnancy experienced in the father) and identification of alarm signs for timely care in case of risk.
Third, Emotional management is part of another of the areas of application to be treated in a Pregnancy Psychology consultation, In this case, it is carried out jointly with the mother and the father, so that both carry out the same strategies to promote emotional well-being and thus be able to enjoy this beautiful stage of life. Sometimes there are pregnant women who express unusual emotional changes during this stage; Some of these may be: stress, symptoms associated with anxiety and depression. For this reason Pregnancy Psychology enters identify manifestations at the level of thoughts, behaviors and emotions, to analyze what role they play and how to modify it if it is harmful to the pregnant woman (her mental health and the well-being of her baby).
Finally, Pregnancy Psychology seeks mitigate (or decrease) the presence of postpartum psychological disorders, especially through psychoeducation to the future mother in what are the psychological warning signs in those that are most evident as: Mild Depression (also called Postpartum Sadness), Major Postpartum Depression and Postpartum Psychosis.
It is important that keep in mind that emotions produce the release of certain hormones, which triggers certain changes at the physiological level in both the mother and the baby, It depends on whether the impact it will have on the development of pregnancy is positive or negative emotions, that is, if they will become a protective factor or risk in the medium term. Hence lies the importance of knowing more about the Psychology of Pregnancy, which you can do by attending a Psychology consultation when the pregnancy stage begins to receive adequate guidance and advice. Remember that ... The idea is to prevent and not have to regret!
- (1) Carrizales J. (2013). Physical and emotional changes during pregnancy. Extracted from: //es.slideshare.net/caracasmasfina/cambios-fisicos-y-emocionales-durante-la-gestacion
- (2) Urruela G. (2009). Psychiatric disorders during pregnancy. Extracted from: //es.slideshare.net/gregorio74/trastorno-psiquitricos-durante-el-embarazo?qid=eaf5cdf9-62fd-40d8-b1d0-a75db80f9427&v=&b=&from_search=11