Withdrawal syndrome, also commonly known as "the monkey", refers to a series of symptoms that occur in a person when he stops using a substance to which he suffers addiction. Let's see better what it is.
- 1 Why withdrawal syndrome occurs
- 2 Types of withdrawal syndrome
- 3 How to fight it
Why withdrawal syndrome occurs
The first thing that is important to know to understand withdrawal syndrome is to know why it occurs and how it affects the person who suffers. It is a series of physical reactions that appear when the individual stops using a substance that causes addiction.
This appears for the following reason: the organism becomes accustomed to the substance in question, which generates a tolerance to the same. In turn, tolerance causes the consumption of said substance to increase, and the body therefore gets used to working with it. The moment you stop receiving it, the answer is the appearance of withdrawal syndrome.
Some of the most common substances are the alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, cannabis, caffeine or opiates. This type of substance causes the person who takes it to develop a dependence on them.
Once you stop using it or take some time without taking it, the so-called withdrawal syndrome occurs. This is not a disease, but it is a condition that alter the health and well-being of the person.
Depending on the degree of addiction you have, withdrawal symptoms will be greater or worse. In addition, depending on the drug that has caused it, it may be that this syndrome also has physical manifestations.
Types of withdrawal syndrome
Experts often distinguish two types of withdrawal syndrome. The first of them is him acute withdrawal syndrome, which is also the best known and the most commonly produced.
Acute withdrawal syndrome
This consists of a series of physiological and psychological reactions that appear when the person interrupts the consumption of a psychoactive substance towards which addiction is suffered. The way in what is manifested will depend on the type of psychoactive substance that is.
In many cases, what it produces is the opposite of the effect caused by the consumption of the substance. For example, if cocaine is consumed, whose main effect is activation, the person will perceive their withdrawal syndrome as a feeling of decay. As for the intensity of how these symptoms manifest, they will vary depending on the amount.
Late withdrawal syndrome
The late withdrawal syndrome It is characterized by a set of nervous system disorders. This can interfere in the life of the person in a very important way and causes an increase in the probability of relapse.
On the other hand, there is conditioned withdrawal syndrome. This refers to the psychological, and occurs when the individual relives situations where he used to consume the substance. That is, there is a withdrawal due to psychological association.
This is very common in smokers, for example. This type of addiction is often associated with lifestyle habits, such as smoking a cigar next to coffee, or when you are taking a break and having a conversation with friends who also smoke.
How to fight it
Depending on what type of withdrawal syndrome you will have to face in one way or another. If it is a withdrawal from a substance that we associate psychologically with specific moments, such as the example of tobacco, it is recommended change habits and routines to avoid temptation and association.
However, there are more serious cases in which this withdrawal syndrome produces physical effects in the person suffering from it. In this case, the affected you must go to seek professional help to relieve these symptoms, since they can be very complicated to manage.
It is the case of drug addiction such as cocaine, whose withdrawal syndrome makes the majority of people who develop a dependency towards it need help to be able to abandon their consumption, since by themselves it is very complicated that they can achieve it.
Also in the case of alcohol it is usually advisable to have professional help, since this type of addiction causes psychological, but also physical effects. Only with the right help can you guarantee the overcoming of this problem.
On the other hand, it is important to keep in mind that depending on what substance it is, it is not usually advisable to withdraw its consumption in a precipitous way, but it must be done progressively.
As you can see, withdrawal syndrome can produce complicated effects to overcome when the substance to which addiction is dispensed is dispensed with. However, with the help and proper supervision it is possible to cope.