- Sofia thinks that her body is a replica of the painter Botero and that dislikes her. Bertha the more she gains weight, she still feels thin.
- Alex has operated his nose because once he left his partner wants to look more attractive to see if she returns.
- Victor exercises a lot of exercise for more than six hours and all the time he thinks he has not achieved the muscles he wanted.
- Josefina has had a couple of surgeries on her face and body and the more interventions she does, she thinks she still doesn't have the look she wants.
- Isabel, think that mole on her face makes her look bad and invests almost all her salary to cover this little imperfection.
- Enrique tells many lies and hopes that everyone believes them.
- Amy Winehouse, radically changed her look.
In life we get to have some concerns related to aspects of our physical or our psychosocial behavior. However, when these concerns take the tone of an exaggeration, they can become a problem.
A complex is formed from the interpersonal relationships of children's history; It can structure all psychological levels: emotions, attitudes, adapted behaviors.
The world of complexes
A complex is an organized set of representations and memories endowed with intense emotional value, partially or totally unconscious (Laplanche & Pontalis, 1996). In simple terms a complex is a physical or psychosocial feature that causes us excessive worry.
We all have parts of our body that we don't like and come to create some discomfort or complex. We also have some concern or psychosocial complex where we feel above or below the average behavior.
If that characteristic of your body or mind becomes an obsessive thought, then we can be certain that we are facing a complex.
In the scientific part we can identify many types of complexes, among the most common are:
- Disorder Body dysmorphia or Dysmorphic syndrome (from the Greek "dis" alteration and morphia "form".
- DSM-V Features: Distorted and often unjustified body image, physical and psychological discomfort and relationship (often it is suffered in secret and occurs a little more in patients who need cosmetic or surgical treatments), brain images similar to those of patients with OCD, usually begin in adolescence and can occur in both women and men.
- Who are they? Cases such as Michael Jackson, Jocelyn Wildenstein (more than 30 surgeries), Joan Van Ark, Donatella Versace, Meg Ryan, Priscilla Presley, Mellanie Griffit, Burt Reynolds, Farrah Fawcett (Plastic Surgery 1, 2012), Paulina Rubio, Anahí, Belinda, Ninel Count, Kate del Castillo, Galilea Montijo (Famous Latinas, 2012).
- In those who give more, among those who suffer: anxiety, phobias, perfectionist ideas, insecurity, abandonment, abuse, depression, eating disorders
- symptom: obsession (observed carefully and for hours, disagreement with some part of your body, comparison with other people) (DSMI-V, 2012)., over-fixing, worry about hiding something unpleasant, complex of having granites or moles, consumption of toxic substances.
- The muscular dysmorphia or vigorexia, is a psychological disorder in which, the person who suffers it sees his body distorted. This is similar to anorexia, only that it is the other way around, statistically it occurs more in men.
- In the anorexia, the patient looks fat when in fact he is thin, in vigorexia he sees his weakened muscle tone, his flaccid body when in fact his body is perfectly muscular, statistically more occurs in women (Vigorexia, 2012).
Some others complexesthat are not classified in the specialized psychiatry consultation manuals are:
- Aristotle Complex; rebellion of the son against the father, of the disciple against the teacher.
- Achilles Complex; tendency to hide one's weakness, impotence or homosexuality under the guise of invulnerability or heroism.
- Bovary complex; the bovarismo consists of an alteration of the sense of the reality, of root schizoid, whereby a person is considered another person than he really is.
- Brummel complex; excessive elegance in dress that compensates, deep down, a strong feeling of inferiority.
- Cain complex: jealousy of the son first for the second.
- Abel complex: jealousy of the second child by the first.
- Cinderella Complex: compensation of the least loved child in the family who ends up rescuing her for her talents.
- Hamlet complex: to be or not to be? scrupulous, doubtful and analyst in excess.
- Judas complex: The spirit of betraying the other for resentment, not supporting their superiority.
- Münchausen complex or Pinocchio complex: inventor of implausible stories almost absurd to compensate for their inferiority.
- Narcissus Complex: It is the egotist who only thinks of himself and the love he has.
- Thumb Thumb Complex: he is the spoiled brother in the family and the youngest in every way who, as a form of super compensation, is the one who obtains the most achievements in his life (Dictionary of complexes, 2012).
- Wendy complex: They are the girls who take care of their family brothers and partners. They generally adopt their boyfriend, partner or husband as a child to have someone to solve their lives.
- Peter Pan complex: They are gentlemen who behave like teenagers and adopt a Wendy to solve their lives.
- Other complexes; Hulk complex (the one that wants to take you out in the gym and eats the devices to intimidate you), spanking complex, having a small penis, poor, rich, feeling intelligent, metrosexual, being kind, to have a lot of chest or no chest and the list is immense. Here the saying of: “tell me what you are talking about and I will tell you what you lack. And you ... what part of your physical or personality traits cause you conflict?
Suggestions for change
The treatment usually consists of a cognitive behavioral therapy (achieving a reengineering in his thoughts) combined work in the office and almost always the use of an anxiolytic or antidepressant.
If the patient does not want to take any medication, relaxation techniques and low frequency pulsating electromagnetic field technology are used to balance the body by reducing anxiety and depression.
Unfortunately, it can take many years for a patient to realize that they have an alteration in the way they look and be seen by others.
Know and spread more about this type of complex. Show healthy models at home and raise patient self-esteem.
Accept yourself with virtues and defects.